Neurolinquistic Programming (NPL)
The field was co-created by Richard Bandler and John Grinder in the early 1970s from what they called “modeling” several well-known psychotherapists, namely Fritz Perls, Virginia Satir, and Milton Erickson. Bandler, then a student at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and Grinder, then an Assistant Professor of linguistics, were strongly influenced by the mentoring of Gregory Bateson, and they drew their approach from many inspirations such as cybernetics and the General Semantics of Alfred Korzybski.
NLP falls under the broadest heading of psychology, but perhaps most closely relates to cognitive psychology. But while Grinder had an undergraduate degree in psychology, NLP began quite outside the academic mainstream, and it remains largely divorced from mainstream academic psychology to this day, even though a small subsection NLP practitioners do have traditional credentials in psychology and psychiatry.
The field of NLP has over time gathered many mini-models and associated techniques that can be applied to various situations. The models and techniques range in purpose from talking directly to people’s subconcious rapport,
persuation. There are models of internal representations (visual, auditory, kinesthetic, gustatory and olfactory) and their submodalities and concomitant effects on emotions, beliefs, and behaviors. (Accordingly, one early book on NLP subtitled the field as “the study of the structure of subjective experience”.) As fallout of the modeling process the field has also developed specific techniques that can be applied to applications ranging from psychotherapy, e.g. curing phobias, handling criticism and flattery, handling grief, stopping unwanted habits and behaviors, etc., to sales and persuasion techniques, to learning techniques, to curing some allergies, and many others. NLP can be taught through live training programs, but also through self-study by using techniques and exploring.
The above information about NLP has been included from Wikipedia. As Wikipedia is continually being updated, the information used here is from July 13, 2005 site.
A. NLP (Neurolinquistic programming)
Words: light, dark, eye, focus, see, show, vision, look, watch
Phrases: I see what you mean. We see eye to eye. Show me what you mean. Shed some light on it. It appears to me. Clear to me. Look like—. Look at the big picture.
Fast-paced—likes frequent stimulation—sees events as a slide show—one frame after the other—influenced by color
Speech Pattern: Talks fast—high pitched due to shallow breathing
Right-handed people: visualizing things from the past, the eyes are moved up and to the left.
Trying to imagine something from words or theimagination, the eyes are moved up and to the right.
Left-handed people: visualizing things from the past, the eyes are moved up and to the right.
Trying to imagine something from words or the imagination, the eyes are moved up and to the left.
Words: sound, tell, speak, say, talk, hear, loud, tone
Phrases: Rings a bell for me. Loud and clear. On the same wave length. Sounds good. Do you hear that?
May perceive things quicker over the telephone—listens carefully to how something sounds in effort to recall an inner record of similar delivery.
Speech Pattern: Speaks clearly and distinctly—likes to sound good.
Right-handed people: for remembered sounds, the eyes move across to the left.
For sounds we are trying to imagine, the eyes move to the right.
Left-handed people: for remembered sounds, the eyes move to the right.
For sounds we are trying to imagine, the eyes move to the left.
Words: touch, rub, warm, cool, gentle, light, smooth, rough, push, pull, tense, hold, grab
Phrases: Feels right with me. Grabs my attention. Rubs me the wrong way.
Needs to feel trust in an interaction—feelings dominate their decisions—develop quick opinion of others
Speech Pattern: Speaks very slowly with frequent pauses as this type is trying to get a feel or a reading of what is going on around them
Right-handed people: when remembering or experiencing feelings, the eyes go down and to the right.
To access feelings from internal dialogue, the eyes go to the left.
Left-handed people: when remembering or experiencing feelings, the eyes go down and to the left.
To access feelings from internal dialogue, the eyes go to the right.